Do you know the 4 Ts of Type 1 diabetes?

4TsToo many children and young people are not diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes until they are in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a life-threatening condition that requires urgent medical attention. Yesterday’s story in the Bournemouth Daily Echo shows how important it is for people to be more aware of the warning signs for Type 1 diabetes. In August, one-year-old Zach was admitted to hospital in Poole with life-threatening DKA. His parents initially suspected a chest infection and took him to their GP.

Zach’s symptom’s included weight loss, drinking more and having to use the toilet more than usual. The GP had Zach’s urine tested and referred him to the children’s diabetes service the same day. His diabetes is now being managed, but the outcome could have been much worse if his parents had waited any longer before going to the GP.

More awareness is needed of the four most common symptoms of Type 1 diabetes (the 4 Ts) to make sure children and young people get a quick diagnosis and early treatment. The 4 Ts are:

Toilet: Going to the toilet a lot, bed wetting by a previously dry child or heavier nappies in babies

Thirsty: Being really thirsty and not being able to quench the thirst

Tired: Feeling more tired than usual

Thinner: Losing weight or looking thinner than usual



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